Interview Questions for Business Analysts and Systems Analysts

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What is Decomposition?

Posted by Adrian M.

Article Rating // 2532 Views // 0 Additional Answers & Comments

Categories: Business Analysis, Requirements Analysis (BABOK KA), Solution Assessment and Validation (BABOK KA)


Decomposition is the process of breaking down complex systems, problems, or tasks into smaller, more manageable and understandable components or sub-parts. It is often used in various fields, such as software development, project management, and business analysis, to simplify complex problems and facilitate analysis, understanding, and problem-solving by addressing individual elements separately.

In requirements management, decomposition is the process of breaking down high-level or complex requirements into smaller, more detailed and manageable sub-requirements. This approach allows for a more in-depth understanding of what the system or product needs to accomplish and helps in creating a structured and organized set of requirements.  It is often helpful to develop visual models which depict the hierarchical structure of the requirements.  High-level or top-level requirements are subdivided into lower-level or more granular requirements. This hierarchy provides clarity and helps stakeholders understand the relationships between different requirements.

In systems development, decomposition refers to the process of breaking down a complex system or project into smaller, more manageable components, modules, or tasks. This approach is often used in software development, but it can apply to various systems development methodologies, including the systems engineering process. 

In business analysis, decomposition refers to the process of breaking down complex business processes, systems, or problems into smaller, more understandable and manageable chunks. This technique is used to analyze, understand, and document the various aspects of a business or project, helping business analysts and stakeholders gain insights into the structure, functions, and interactions within an organization.

Here are some examples where a business analyst can use decomposition to their advantage:

  • Process Analysis - decomposition can be used to break down complex business processes into their individual steps or activities. This helps identify bottlenecks, inefficiencies, and areas for improvement.
  • Requirements Analysis - high-level business requirements are often decomposed into more detailed and specific functional and non-functional requirements. This process helps clarify what the business or project needs to achieve.
  • Data Modeling and Data Analysis - decomposition is used to break down complex data structures into their constituent data elements or attributes. This helps  in the creation of data models and database schemas.
  • System and Component Analysis - in software or IT-related projects, decomposition can be applied to understand the various components, modules, and interfaces within a system. It helps in designing and building systems with a clear understanding of how the various pieces work together.



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Do your homework prior to the business analysis interview!

Having an idea of the type of questions you might be asked during a business analyst interview will not only give you confidence but it will also help you to formulate your thoughts and to be better prepared to answer the interview questions you might get during the interview for a business analyst position.  Of course, just memorizing a list of business analyst interview questions will not make you a great business analyst but it might just help you get that next job.



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